Use cases for Blockchain Applications in Government
Improved Taxation Processes
Blockchain has several use cases that could help streamline complex taxation protocols. It could potentially allow citizens to allocate their tax dollars themselves towards the programs they support, increasing and overall sense of democracy. Taxes could be held in smart contracts, and tax returns could be released automatically triggered by filing.
Reconciling Intragovernmental Transfers
When large sums of money are considered unreconciled funds in the federal budget the process of reconciling is unnecessarily lengthy and costly. It also prevents accurate future budget projects and makes things difficult to account for. These sometimes trillions of dollars could benefit from blockchain accounting systems that would offer immutable transaction ledgers that could allow for even automated reconciliation with a pre-programmed smart contract designed to reconcile transfers based on specific events.
Government IDs verified on the blockchain could help residents vote, file taxes, and perform other related citizenship processes in a more secure and streamlined fashion. Virtual residency authentication could help to immutable provide citizenship. All government transactions could be moved onto the blockchain using virtual e-residency identities to streamline all interactions between the government and citizens. For countries with universal healthcare, patient portals could be integrated, and everything from banking to medical prescriptions could be performed in one e-resident portal. Nearly one-sixth of the world’s population does not have documented proof of their existence. Blockchain could help establish identity for this one-sixth giving them access to education, banking, mobile communication, and more.
Reduce Voter Fraud
Blockchain could be the perfect solution (especially in developing nations with openly corrupt voting processes) to eliminate voter fraud. Votes made via blockchain could be stored on the public ledger anonymously with verifiable audit trails thanks to its innate immutable nature. Blockchain-based voting systems could help to repair trust between government and citizen.
Blockchain-based identity management can help governments give citizens control of their information and allow them to decide who can access their data. This will make it easier to authenticate individuals and save the government effort in verifying identity. Thanks to the blockchain ledger’s immutable ledger, once the blockchain I.D. is created it will become a permanent and accurate record.
Courtroom Evidence Authentication
Blockchain can be used to authenticate evidence admissible in a courtroom. Through recognizing digital data and timestamps stored on the blockchain courtrooms can use hash value verification as proof in court. This can help improve the justice system and create trustless evidence sources to validate rulings without third-party bias.
Improved Healthcare Coverage Platforms
Blockchain-based healthcare platforms can improve coverage and health service delivery for low-income and the elderly while reducing overall costs. In countries with national public healthcare services, medical records can be integrated with all other blockchain identity records to create accurate, consolidated, and tamper-proof data stores. Updated healthcare records on the blockchain can help contribute to improved medical interventions thanks to real-time data analysis across hospital locations.
Shared Energy Sources
Public energy management via blockchain could help to reduce expenses while saving the environment. The blockchain is an ideal platform for energy sharing and automated distribution. Citizens can buy and sell their solar power on the blockchain to others in their neighborhood.
Government Record Storage
The blockchain offers more secure and tamper-proof storage for marriage certificates, divorce records, death documentation, passports, visa records, property titles, vehicle titles, and corporate registrations. The government performs an enormous amount of record management that could be made easier and more affordable if it was brought on-chain.